|Prohibition & the Crash|
|Not a new theory at all:||Rather, an old fact...|
|It [Edinburgh] still continues, however, to be the residence of the principal
courts of justice in Scotland, of the boards of customs and excise, etc.
A considerable revenue, therefore, still continues to be spent in it. In
trade and industry, it is much inferior to Glasgow, of which the inhabitants
are chiefly maintained by the employment of capital. The inhabitants of
a large village, it has sometimes been observed, after having made considerable
progress in manufactures, have become idle and poor, in consequence of
a great lord's having taken up his residence in their neighbourhood.
The proportion between capital and revenue, therefore, seems everywhere to regulate the proportion between industry and idleness Wherever capital predominates, industry prevails; wherever revenue, idleness. Every increase or diminution of capital, therefore, naturally tends to increase or diminish the real quantity of industry, the number of productive hands, and consequently the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country, the real wealth and revenue of all its inhabitants.
Capitals are increased by parsimony, and diminished by prodigality and misconduct.
|An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith, 1775.
Where politicians and taxation displace production, unemployment results.
|Great nations are never impoverished by private, though they sometimes are by public prodigality and misconduct. The whole, or almost the whole public revenue is, in most countries, employed in maintaining unproductive hands. Such are the people who compose a numerous and splendid court, a great ecclesiastical establishment, great fleets and armies, who in time of peace produce nothing, and in time of war acquire nothing which can compensate the expense of maintaining them, even while the war lasts. Such people, as they themselves produce nothing, are all maintained by the produce of other men's labour. When multiplied, therefore, to an unnecessary number, they may in a particular year consume so great a share of this produce, as not to leave a sufficiency for maintaining the productive labourers, who should reproduce it next year. .||Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations. This page was noticed by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, but not by professors
at today's government schools.
Governments cause depressions. Private companies don't.
|The natural effort of every individual to better his own condition, when suffered to exert itself with freedom and security, is so powerful a principle, that it is alone, and without any assistance, not only capable of carrying on the society to wealth and prosperity, but of surmounting a hundred impertinent obstructions, with which the folly of human laws too often encumbers its operations: though the effect of those obstructions is always, more or less, either to encroach upon its freedom, or to diminish its security..||Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations. Restriction of economic freedom leads to slavery and war.|
|The different taxes which, in Great Britain, have, in the course of the present century, been imposed upon spiritous liquors, are not supposed to have had any effect upon the wages of labour. The rise in the price of porter, occasioned by an additional tax of three shillings upon the barrel of strong beer, has not raised the wages of common labour in London. These were about eighteen pence or twenty pence a-day before the tax, and they are not more now.||Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations. Yet mystical fanatics in 1918 swore prohibition would increase wages.|
|England, however, as it has never been blessed with a very parsimonious government, so parsimony has at no time been the characteristic virtue of its inhabitants. It is the highest impertinence and presumption, therefore, in kings and ministers to pretend to watch over the economy of private people, and to restrain their expense, either by sumptuary laws, or by prohibiting the importation of foreign luxuries. They are themselves always, and without any exception, the greatest spendthrifts in the society. Let them look well after their own expense, and they may safely trust private people with theirs. If their own extravagance does not ruin the state, that of the subject never will.||Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations. Politicians may ruin the nation, but citizens never will.|